Session 226

Culture, Norms and Institutions: The contextual influences on Entrepreneurship

Track K

Date: Monday, September 22, 2014

Track G

Time: 16:30 – 17:45

Paper

Room: Estancia 311


Session Chair:

  • Krzysztof Obloj, Kozminski University

Title: Contingent Effect of National Culture on Individual Social Entrepreneurship Choice

Authors

  • Sreevas Sahasranamam, Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode
  • Nandakumar Mankavil Kovil Veettil, University of Salford

Abstract: The importance of culture in entrepreneurship development is widely stressed in the extant literature. Our study examines the contingent effect of two dimensions of national culture (power distance and individualism) on the relationship between individual level resources and individual choice for starting a social enterprise. Unlike commercial entrepreneurship context, we hypothesize that social entrepreneurship will be greater in high power distance and low individualism cultures. The hypothesis are tested using a multilevel logit regression analysis on a cross-sectional multi-source dataset for the year 2009. The study’s findings support our hypothesis highlighting that the effect of national culture in social entrepreneurship are distinct from commercial entrepreneurship.

Title: Like a Bridge over Troubled Water: How Institutional Bridging Can Lower Transaction Costs For Entrepreneurs

Authors

  • Susan Young, Seton Hall University
  • Chris Welter, Xavier University

Abstract: While entrepreneurship is a global phenomenon, little research has examined how multiple institutional contexts may affect entrepreneurial ventures. Despite growing emphasis on less developed countries (LDCs), many management theories take the perspective of more developed countries. It is also traditionally assumed that entrepreneurs must operate within the bounds of their institutional context. In this research, we present a framework of possible actions an entrepreneur may take in response to ineffective institutions – including institutional entrepreneurship and institutional bricolage – and introduce institutional bridging as the process of linking an environment with ineffective institutions, such as an LDC, to an environment with more effective institutions in order to lower transaction costs. We build a transaction cost model to demonstrate how bridging may serve to decrease overall transaction costs.

Title: Scaling Social Impact: A Resource-Based View of How Stewardship Culture Benefits Social Enterprises

Authors

  • Sophie Bacq, Northeastern University
  • Kimberly Eddleston, Northeastern University

Abstract: Despite efforts to address societal ills, social enterprises face constant challenges to increase their impact. Drawing from RBV, we argue that a social enterprise’s organizational culture contributes to its scale of social impact. We propose that a stewardship culture, comprised of an employee-centered logic and an entrepreneur’s centrality, will contribute to the enterprise’s social impact. Additionally, we investigate how social and financial supports augment the benefits of a stewardship culture. We find that an employee-centered culture increases the scale of social impact. Further, we show that a strong employee-centered culture can compensate for low earnings generation and government support. Regarding an entrepreneur-centered culture, we find that while government support increases its positive impact, greater earnings generation lessens its benefits on scale of social impact.

Title: Towards a Theory of Sociocultural Munificence: Firm Survival in the Green Building Supply Industry

Authors

  • Siddharth Vedula, Babson College
  • Jeffrey York, University of Colorado Boulder
  • Michael Conger, Miami University of Ohio

Abstract: We introduce two types of sociocultural munificence to the social entrepreneurship and organizational ecology literature, by examining firm survival in the green building supply industry: regional environmental social norms that provide legitimacy for entrepreneurs and needs versus merit-based resource allocation norms that impact the distribution of economic resources . Across a multi-year panel, we find that as expected firm survival is enhanced by munificent regional economic conditions. Over and above these effects however, firm survival is also enhanced in regions with strong environmental social norms. Lastly, regional resource allocation norms condition the relationship between economic munificence and firm survival. Specifically, need-based resource allocation norms insulate social entrepreneurs from the impact of economic conditions, whereas merit-based resource allocation norms have an amplification effect.

All Sessions in Track K...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 386: Entrepreneurial Corporate Governance
Sun: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 387: Social Capital in Emerging Markets: Local, Glocal or Global?
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 462: Crowdfunding: State of the Art and Directions for Future Research
Sun: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 235: Cognitive and Behaviorial Perspectives of Entrepreneurial Decision Making
Session 380: Small, Young and Entrepreneurial Firms: A Unique Perspective in Globalization
Sun: 17:15 – 18:30
Session 607: Entrepreneurship and Strategy IG Business Meeting
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 227: Entrepreneurial Orientation, capabilities and firm performance
Session 445: Adaptation issues for Entrepreneurial Firms
Mon: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 232: Theory Building in the Field of Entrepreneurship
Session 440: Entrepreneurial Strategies in Emerging and International markets
Mon: 14:45 – 16:00
Session 231: Entrepreneurial Leadership: What it Takes to be a Successful Enterprise?
Session 457: Ownership and Funding Structures: Performance Implications for the entrepreneurial firms
Mon: 16:30 – 17:45
Session 226: Culture, Norms and Institutions: The contextual influences on Entrepreneurship
Session 229: Who Founds and how the Founding Team Impacts the Entrepreneurial Firm?
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 224: Funding an Entrepreneurial Venture: What Works and What Does Not?
Session 236: Universities, Academics and Incubators: The Role of Academic Institutions in Shaping Entrepreneurial Firm and Outcomes
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 230: TMTs as Firm Resources
Session 309: New Conversations on Business Models
Tue: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 225: Entrepreneurial Networks: Formation and Implications
Session 228: Dynamic Capabilities and Performance Implications for New Firms
Tue: 17:15 – 18:30
Session 234: Institutional, Industry and Firm Specific Impacts on Nascent Firms
Session 441: Funding Entrepreneurial Ventures: Sources and Successes

All Sessions in Track G...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 389: Managing the Multinational Organization in an Increasingly Complex World
Sun: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 221: Global Stakeholder Networks
Session 390: Local Determinants of Competitive Advantage and Disadvantage
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 2: Offshore Outsourcing, Dynamic Capabilities, and the Changing Nature of Firm Boundaries
Sun: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 270: Innovation in MNCs and Global Networks
Session 371: Inter and Intra Organizational Learning Across Borders: A Knowledge Management Perspective
Session 380: Small, Young and Entrepreneurial Firms: A Unique Perspective in Globalization
Sun: 17:15 – 18:30
Session 603: Global Strategy IG Business Meeting
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 335: Internationalization and Strategic Decisions
Session 379: Emerging Markets: Understanding the Importance of Context
Mon: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 372: The Challenges of Global Operations: Managing R&D and Complexity
Session 373: Global Diversification: Governance and Performance Implications
Mon: 14:45 – 16:00
Session 375: Changing External Environments: How do Multinationals Respond?
Session 381: Firm boundaries in Multinational Organizations: Antecedents and Consequences
Session 414: Global Networks and Business Groups
Mon: 16:30 – 17:45
Session 226: Culture, Norms and Institutions: The contextual influences on Entrepreneurship
Session 374: Antecedents and Consequences of Multinational Location Decisions
Session 382: Drivers of Multinational Performance:What, Where and When?
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 383: Globalization of R&D: Implications for Learning and Innovation
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 376: Headquarters Subsidiary Relationship: New Approaches to an Old Question
Session 384: Multinational Location Decisions: New Approaches Across Different Perspective
Tue: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 263: Innovation Models in Emerging Economies
Session 377: Organizing Assets Across Borders: Drivers and Consequences
Session 385: Multinational firms and the External Environment: The Role of Institutions
Tue: 17:15 – 18:30
Session 378: Global Outsourcing & Offshoring: Implications for Multinational Decisions


Strategic Management Society

Madrid