Session 277

Learning From Others

Track I

Date: Monday, September 22, 2014

 

Time: 11:00 – 12:15

Paper

Room: Rotterdam


Session Chair:

  • Marco Giarratana, IE Business School

Title: Accelerate Knowledge: How High-Tech Seed Accelerator Networks Transfer and Create Knowledge

Authors

  • Candice Reimers, University of Pennsylvania
  • Martin Ihrig, University of Pennsylvania

Abstract: Early-stage accelerators, an investment model that blends funding with a limited-duration cohort program in exchange for equity, have seen global expansion. Given the access and diversity within this closed network, accelerators have the potential for highly efficient knowledge exchange. In this study, we explore tacit knowledge transfer, new knowledge creation and the influence of social capital conditions on knowledge exchange. We conduct a series of in-depth interviews and follow cohorts of startups as they prepare for the culminating pitch to venture capitalists. Initial findings suggest a lack of cognitive social capital and prevalence of relational social capital resulting in negative influence on tacit knowledge transfer and new knowledge creation, respectively. These early results suggest opportunity for increased efficiency in knowledge exchange within the accelerator context.

Title: Combining Appropriablity Mechanisms for Innovation Collaboration: Evidence from a Survey of Knowledge-Intensive Services Firms

Authors

  • Marcela Miozzo, University of Manchester
  • Panos Desyllas, University of Bath
  • Hsing-fen Lee, University of Manchester
  • Ian Miles, University of Manchester

Abstract: We explore the relationship between a firm’s value appropriability strategies and its collaboration with various partners for innovation creation and exploitation. Based on an original survey of British and American publicly-traded knowledge-intensive service firms, we find that over-relying on contractual mechanisms is associated with a reduction in collaboration for innovation creation with all partners; relying on formal appropriability mechanisms is associated with a positive but diminishing collaboration with clients, especially for innovation creation; relying on formal appropriability mechanisms is associated with increased collaboration with public research organisations for innovation exploitation. We also find that combinations of high levels of strategic and contractual mechanisms lead to dis-synergies with respect to firms´ collaboration with vertical partners for both the creation and exploitation of innovation.

Title: Through the Lens of Multivariate Meta-Regression: Does Innovation Augment SMEs' Capacity to Export?

Authors

  • Stephanie Mansion, University of Giessen
  • Andreas Bausch, University of Giessen

Abstract: Developing and nurturing export-orientation can substantially corroborate SMEs’ competitiveness mainly through diversification and scale effects. Resilient firm-level performance is also perceived to be crucial for dealing with unsustainable current-account imbalances. In this vein, a growing literature investigates whether organizational innovativeness, including sourcing of innovation inputs through external collaboration or networks, promotes expansion via exports. Scholars exploring the impact of different predictors on SMEs’ export behavior are reporting controversial results. Therefore, multivariate meta-regression is applied to integrate empirical findings from 35 studies, covering almost 13,000 firms from 26 countries. Results indicate a statistically significant positive effect of innovativeness on the capacity to export. Controlling for five additional explanatory variables, e.g. sourcing inputs externally vs. internally, reveals differential impacts, while emphasizing the benefits of external sourcing.

Title: When do Firms Change Technology Sourcing Vehicles? Poor Innovative Performance and Organizational Slack

Authors

  • Razvan Lungeanu, Pennsylvania State University
  • Ithai Stern, INSEAD

Abstract: We address the issue of when and how technology-intensive firms respond to poor innovative performance by changing the balance of their technology-sourcing portfolio (i.e., alliance, acquisition, or go-it-alone). We advance a behavioral perspective on the make/buy/ally question, suggesting that differences in organizational slack will generate different portfolio decisions. Specifically, we posit that firms with greater levels of slack resources are more likely to respond to poor performance by opting for greater vehicle diversification and adding new sourcing vehicles, while firms with fewer slack resources will respond by downscoping their portfolio of sourcing vehicles and reverting to more familiar vehicles. We find support for our predictions using extensive data from the population of U.S. public pharmaceutical firms from 1992 through 2006.

All Sessions in Track I...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 278: Routines: Theoretical and Empirical Advancements and Avenues for Future Research
Sun: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 463: Big Data: Revolutionizing Innovation and Competition
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 464: Foundations Session: A conversation with Michael Tushman on Leadership, Innovation and Strategic Change
Sun: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 270: Innovation in MNCs and Global Networks
Session 275: Open Innovation: Outcomes and antecedents
Sun: 17:15 – 18:30
Session 605: Knowledge and Innovation IG Business Meeting
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 260: IPRs, Appropriability and Innovation
Session 274: Incumbents, Radical Innovations and Disruptive Technologies
Mon: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 276: Organizational Learning
Session 277: Learning From Others
Session 372: The Challenges of Global Operations: Managing R&D and Complexity
Session 423: Alliances and Innovation Performance
Mon: 14:45 – 16:00
Session 265: Learning, Search, Slack: The behavioral theory revisited
Session 269: Knowledge Flows: Transfer, sharing and replication
Mon: 16:30 – 17:45
Session 254: Conversations about Knowledge
Session 257: Spin offs, Venture Capital and Entrepreneurship
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 259: Institutionalizing Innovation: Norms, status and legitimacy issues
Session 273: From Internal Resources to Customer Needs
Session 383: Globalization of R&D: Implications for Learning and Innovation
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 267: The Role of Individuals in Innovation
Session 272: Research and Development: Antecedents and outcomes
Session 361: Creativity and Innovation
Session 469: M&As and Innovation
Tue: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 262: Networks of Innovators
Session 263: Innovation Models in Emerging Economies
Tue: 17:15 – 18:30
Session 255: Exploration and Exploitation
Session 256: Organizing for Open Innovation
Session 261: Practices and Processes for Innovation


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