Session 371

Inter and Intra Organizational Learning Across Borders: A Knowledge Management Perspective

Track G

Date: Sunday, September 21, 2014


Time: 15:45 – 17:00


Room: Glasgow

Session Chair:

  • Jennifer Oetzel, American University

Title: Formal and Informal Institutional Distance as Barriers to Vicarious Learning in Cross-border Acquisition Processes


  • Mirko Benischke, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Abstract: Drawing on theories of vicarious learning, this paper offers an alternative explanation of cross-border acquisition completion. Employing a sample of 3145 cross-border acquisitions announced by US manufacturing firms between 1993 and 2010, we find that MNCs can vicariously learn from the cross-border acquisition activity of others. Moreover, we also find that vicarious learning is contingent upon the formal and informal institutional distance between home and host countries. Our empirical results support our theoretical predictions, which emphasize the importance of vicarious learning when explaining cross-border acquisition completion.

Title: International and Domestic University-Industry Linkage: Impact on Firm Technological Performance


  • Shinya Suzuki, Musashi University

Abstract: Although previous studies have given considerable attention to collaborative research between firms and universities, it is not sufficiently investigated whether there exists any difference between collaborations with foreign universities and those with domestic universities. In this study, we first examine impact of University-Industry joint research on firm technological performance, distinguishing international and domestic joint research. We then propose factors that affect the relationship between University-Industry joint research and firms’ technological performance, focusing on the roles of research quality of partner universities and firms’ production facilities in the country of partner universities, which are expected to differently affect international and domestic joint research. We test our hypotheses on a panel dataset of 804 Japanese firms from 14 manufacturing industries for the period of 2003-2009.

Title: Intra- and Inter-Organizational Learning and Firm Response to Natural Disasters


  • Chang Hoon Oh, Simon Fraser University
  • Jennifer Oetzel, American University
  • Canfei He, Peking University

Abstract: This proposal outlines the research objectives, sample and data for a multi-year study on firm response to natural disasters in China. We have collected extensive data on foreign firm presence in China between 1955 and 2008 and merged these with data on all natural disasters in China between 1979 and 2008 and several census datasets from China from 1991 and 2008. Analysis of these data, which will take place over the coming months, will focus on which firms are better able to manage during major natural disasters and whether intra- and inter-organizational learning around disaster management takes place. Also of interest is the role of sub-national institutions and economic conditions in China and how they impact firms’ ability to respond to natural disasters.

Title: The Paradox of Expanding Knowledge Reach within the MNE


  • Shad Morris, Brigham Young University
  • Bijuan Zhong, Ohio State University
  • Mona Makhija, Ohio State University

Abstract: While some scholars have suggested MNEs to be superior to markets for managing knowledge across geographical boundaries, how they actually accomplish this has not been fully considered. We address this void by developing a model that highlights the critical role of incentives in enhancing employees’ internal search and use of knowledge. Data from 166 knowledge-intensive projects indicate that, in contrast to process-related incentives that influence more local search, outcome-related incentives motivate employee teams to reach well beyond their immediate location, which in turn enhances performance. Paradoxically, expanded reach also increases the likelihood of accessing more codified knowledge, seen to hurt performance. We propose ways for managers to navigate the contradictions inherent in the relationship between global knowledge reach and performance.

All Sessions in Track G...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 389: Managing the Multinational Organization in an Increasingly Complex World
Sun: 09:30 – 10:45
Session 221: Global Stakeholder Networks
Session 390: Local Determinants of Competitive Advantage and Disadvantage
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 2: Offshore Outsourcing, Dynamic Capabilities, and the Changing Nature of Firm Boundaries
Sun: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 270: Innovation in MNCs and Global Networks
Session 371: Inter and Intra Organizational Learning Across Borders: A Knowledge Management Perspective
Session 380: Small, Young and Entrepreneurial Firms: A Unique Perspective in Globalization
Sun: 17:15 – 18:30
Session 603: Global Strategy IG Business Meeting
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 335: Internationalization and Strategic Decisions
Session 379: Emerging Markets: Understanding the Importance of Context
Mon: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 372: The Challenges of Global Operations: Managing R&D and Complexity
Session 373: Global Diversification: Governance and Performance Implications
Mon: 14:45 – 16:00
Session 375: Changing External Environments: How do Multinationals Respond?
Session 381: Firm boundaries in Multinational Organizations: Antecedents and Consequences
Session 414: Global Networks and Business Groups
Mon: 16:30 – 17:45
Session 226: Culture, Norms and Institutions: The contextual influences on Entrepreneurship
Session 374: Antecedents and Consequences of Multinational Location Decisions
Session 382: Drivers of Multinational Performance:What, Where and When?
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 383: Globalization of R&D: Implications for Learning and Innovation
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 376: Headquarters Subsidiary Relationship: New Approaches to an Old Question
Session 384: Multinational Location Decisions: New Approaches Across Different Perspective
Tue: 15:30 – 16:45
Session 263: Innovation Models in Emerging Economies
Session 377: Organizing Assets Across Borders: Drivers and Consequences
Session 385: Multinational firms and the External Environment: The Role of Institutions
Tue: 17:15 – 18:30
Session 378: Global Outsourcing & Offshoring: Implications for Multinational Decisions

Strategic Management Society